Bad Gender Measures & How to Avoid Them

A guide by a nonbinary psychologist.

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Ah yes the four genders.

Why are you measuring gender in your study?

Do you need to measure gender at all?

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Some example “questionable research practices” and their prevalence. Some researchers find demographic effects that they did not predict, and then claim in their final reports to have expected them from the outset.

How do you measure male or female identity?

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Notice how this measure conflates gender with sex, and provides no nonbinary options.

Nonbinary and Trans-Inclusive Options (And How Not to Fail at Them)

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Don’t listen to Psychology Today. This is a bad gender measure.

So what do you do instead of listing “transgender” as a gender option?

How do you ask about trans status?

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This measure by Bauer et al (2017) is potentially useful…but I’d still recommend measuring identity and trans status as separate questions.
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A gender measure by the author.

In Sum:

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